Of course you don’t want to, but many businesses make a total mess of their migration to Office 365. It should be simple, and if you’ve only got 20 users and a small volume of data it can be.
But most migrations we come across fail to deliver the promised benefits. Other independent research suggests that 72% of Office 365 migrations of over 200 users fail to deliver significant benefits whereas those “properly” migrated save significant cost and dramatically increase efficiency. With this background, here are the six top mistakes that will really screw up your Office 365 migration:
Whilst this is somewhat of a cliché its meaning rings true when it comes to large scale migrations and the changes they bring to your organisation. There are roughly 50 steps to follow to an Office 365 migration and activation, and they are not all easy. Some administrators will have a wider breadth of knowledge than others setting up – for example setting SPF records is new to a lot of people. Typically, younger administrators that have been with the same company for their entire career cycle may have only worked with a single version of Exchange and may have never performed a migration. So whilst the day-to-day, Business as Usual service is fine, managing a large scale and fundamental change can be extremely nerve-racking, especially as there is a lot of new terminology to get to grips with.
Our top tip is to use the Exchange Server Deployment Assistant, which can give you all the steps needed to perform your migration. Remember to do a test migration first if you are considering doing it yourself, however!
We have found that the adoption work for end users is sometimes pushed to one side, or not very well handled, as it’s not part of the day to day routine. It's ok to send out a pdf with the basics of how the system will work before migrating but really you need to engage with the end users site-wide to gauge sentiments and ensure that adoption isn't a "hair loss situation".
Depending on how many departments you have, and how many stakeholders are involved you may want to go whole hog and hold seminars for each group of people. These will not only help you educate the various groups and people involved but will allow you to gain valuable insights as to the users’ feelings and concerns about moving to the new system. It is extremely hard to hold a seminar by yourself though, you will need to have a colleague write questions and details down for you whilst you focus on presenting and answering questions.
When we helped hold adoption and technical seminars for a major London University (around 25,000 users) it was imperative for them to consider using the latest cloud technology for their students and staff to enhance the learning experience, but it was also vital to get a consensus amongst the different departments as to when/if they should move to the cloud. Don't be afraid to really simplify things down for your users too, you know how to do the simple "assumed" easy things like reset a password, they may not. As you may well be aware!
Probably the most annoying job in the world unless you are a librarian or have OCD. In the case of SMEs there is often an existing document library, but we have rarely seen one that is well organised, let alone one that is prepared with OneDrive for Business in mind. There are a few things you need to think about before starting to migrate any data to OneDrive for Business or SharePoint Online. What's that you say? OneDrive for Business? Yes in Office 365 organisational accounts you get a version of SharePoint called OneDrive for Business with 1TB of space. We tend to think of it as a personal storage space however; it is also a lot easier to share documents and folders with external users using OneDrive for Business as opposed to SharePoint. With OneDrive for Business you don't have to set up a user access structure as you do with sites in SharePoint. In SharePoint you need to understand three things relating to this:
Whilst this can be achieved in OneDrive for Business you can share a folder very easily to an email address (must have Office 365, or a Microsoft email like Hotmail) without having to worry too much about what else they might be able to access.
Back to the topic at hand. So, those things you need to know:
We prefer to organise all the data first, then run the checks, then use OneDrive for Business to sync the libraries we have created to the computer (the one with the files on), then move the data in to the relevant folders/synced libraries for automatic upload.
If you don’t decide on your migration type, Cutover or Staged, you will run in to trouble pretty quickly when it comes to mailbox migration. Microsoft provide this advice: “You can’t use a staged migration to migrate Exchange 2010 or Exchange 2013 mailboxes to Exchange Online. If you have fewer than 2,000 Exchange 2010 or Exchange 2013 mailboxes in your organization, you can use a cutover Exchange migration. To migrate more than 2,000 Exchange 2010 or Exchange 2013 mailboxes, you have to implement an Exchange hybrid deployment.” There are several ways to migrate the mailboxes:
One very useful feature of BitTitan is that it does Office 365 to Office 365 (organisation to organisation) migrations, the Microsoft built in tool doesn’t do this. Whilst moving organisational accounts is a rare occurrence it does happen, for example during business divestment.
You won’t be able to use any third party tools that require installation to the exchange server. You will have to give up a bit of control! One obvious example of this is your anti-spam software which you have studiously been tweaking for years. In the case of that software you will need to switch to Exchange Online Protection (EOP) and start tweaking again…probably time to screenshot those settings!
Some domain providers should be avoided like the plague. You need to be able to create SRV records so make sure your host is able to do that or you will end up with greatly reduced functionality to your Office 365 instance. If you were to use 1&1 for example they do not provide the functionality to set up SRV records which means that Skype for Business will not work…which is pretty darn important!
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